Regulatory machine 2 machine applications are created by the introduction of new regulations, usually associated with particular applications. Road pricing for HGV vehicles in Germany and congestion charging in London are typical applications, as are AMR metering applications in a growing number of countries. These tend to be national or city-based, have lengthy gestation periods and design cycles and are often subject to tendering processes.
Machine 2 Machine Connectivity is usually (but not necessarily) designed-in during manufacture, so that unit costs are kept low with high initial volumes until the base has been covered. These applications are very specific and only apply to particular market sectors.